Luís Alves

Tracing Environmental Indicators in the Textile & Clothing Value Chain through Blockchain Technology

Nowadays, the world is facing several climate changes thanks to deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels to sustain intense industrial, agricultural and transport activities. These activities are very present in the textile and clothing products sector which is currently among the largest industries in the world and growing at an exponential rate. This sector is one of the most polluting in the world and its value chain is extremely long and complex, covering the entire world and having several stages of production in different countries, also including the distribution of items and intermediate and final lots and retail sales to the final consumer.

A traceability platform allows you to gain insights into product items or batches by linking previously recorded data. This connection generates the idea of a digital twin which consists in creating a virtual replica, fully faithful to a physical object, so that this digital model can provide all the important data and in all perspectives of use of the product. Using blockchain is one of the best technologies that can address the various challenges posed in the aforementioned value chain in a business-to-business domain through the creation of smart contracts and web decentralized applications that interact with the distributed ledger.